H. R. Giger was an acclaimed surrealist painter, sculptor and set designer based in Switzerland. Giger’s creature design for “The Alien” landed him an Oscar in 1980. Giger’s work was influential.
Giger’s most distinctive stylistic innovation was that of a representation of human bodies and machines in a cold, interconnected relationship, he described as “biomechanical”. His main influences were painters Dado, Ernst Fuchs and Salvador Dalí. He met Salvador Dalí, to whom he was introduced by painter Robert Venosa. Giger was also influenced by the work of the sculptor Stanislas Szukalski, and by the painters Austin Osman Spare and Mati Klarwein.